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Both autonomic and somatic reflex pathways have important clinical implications in SCI.

, 2004 ). -Muscle stretch reflex (deep tendon reflex, DTR) -Flexor withdrawal reflex.

activation of flexor muscle groups that remove the injured part from the nociceptive stimulus.

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The flexion withdrawal reflex was examined on one limb at a time. The flexor reflex or withdrawal reflex can be elicited by electrical stimulation of the sole of the foot, which serves as a reflex to protect the stimulated limb. .

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Withdrawal of stimulated leg from the stimulus with extension of toes, dorsiflexion of ankle, hip & knee flexion. [1]. Marque et al.

It is a polysynaptic reflex, causing stimulation of sensory, association, and motor neurons. , Babinski sign) and (iii) active tonic stretch reflex [16, 20].

activation of flexor muscle groups that remove the injured part from the nociceptive stimulus.

This reflex occurs as part of the flexor withdrawal reflex and ensures that extensors in the opposite limb contract so as to maintain the upright.

, 2004 ). -Muscle stretch reflex (deep tendon reflex, DTR) -Flexor withdrawal reflex.

It is a polysynaptic reflex, causing stimulation of sensory, association, and motor neurons. , Babinski sign) and (iii) active tonic stretch reflex [16, 20].

Answer.
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Pemberian farmakoterapi maupun psikoterapi sebaiknya dilakukan oleh tenaga medis yang kompeten.

The flexion withdrawal reflex was examined on one limb at a time. The flexor reflex or withdrawal reflex can be elicited by electrical stimulation of the sole of the foot, which serves as a reflex to protect the stimulated limb. .

In β2-knockin mice, the duration of the loss of the hindlimb withdrawal reflex after intravenous injection of 10 and 15 mg/kg etomidate was somewhat shorter than in wild-type animals ( Reynolds et al.

, 2004 ). -Muscle stretch reflex (deep tendon reflex, DTR) -Flexor withdrawal reflex.

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000 populasi sedangkan point prevalence adalah antara 2 sampai 7 per 1000.

The hindlimb withdrawal reflex is commonly used as a measure of the immobilizing activity of drugs.

activation of flexor muscle groups that remove the injured part from the nociceptive stimulus.

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